May is National Stroke Awareness Month

May 17 2018

May is National Stroke Awareness Month

May is National Stroke Awareness Month. In celebration of Stroke Awareness Month, Metropolitan Methodist Hospital would like to share Stroke Awareness information.

Stroke is the 5thleading cause of death in the United States and the leading cause of adult disability. Each year about 800,000 suffer a new or reoccurring stroke. Someone has a stroke every 40 seconds. A stroke can happen to ANYONE at any time. If you think you or a love one is having a stroke, DIAL 911.

A stroke is a “Brain Attack”. A stroke happens when blood flow to the brain is interrupted by a clot or a rupture of a blood vessel in the brain. Brain cells are deprived of oxygen and vital nutrients, causing brain cells to die. If you think you or a love one is having a stroke call 911.

Two types of strokes- Hemorrhagic and Ischemic.

Hemorrhagic are less common; 13% of all strokes are hemorrhagic. A hemorrhagic stroke is caused by a brain aneurysm or a weakened blood vessel leak. 40% of stroke deaths are caused by a hemorrhagic stroke.

Ischemic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked by a clot. High blood pressure is the leading cause of Ischemic strokes. Ischemic strokes are more common, account for 87% of all strokes.

Signs of Stroke

A stroke is a serious medical emergency, call 911 immediately. By learning the warning signs of a stroke you can save a life.

SUDDEN- numbness of face, arm or leg.

SUDDEN- confusion or difficulty speaking

SUDDEN- trouble seeing

SUDDEN- trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination

SUDDEN- severe headache

 

How to spot a STROKE- F.A.S.T.

F– Face drooping

A– Arm weakness

S– Speech difficulty/slurred speech

T-Time to call 911, immediately!

Act FAST and save a life!

Reduce Stroke Risk Factors

The American Stroke Association warns people who are physically inactive, eat too much salt and overindulge in alcohol beverages are at a higher risk for having a stroke.   80% of strokes are preventable with healthier life style.  Lifestyle risk factors described by the National Stroke Association include, controllable risk factors of diet and exercise.

Diet- A healthy diet can help you reduce the risk of chronic diseases, improve your overall health, and help you reach or maintain a healthy weight. Eating healthy includes making informed decisions about food choices and balancing your calories.

Exercise- Physical activity includes anything that gets your body moving. A recent study showed that people who exercise five or more times per week have a reduced stroke risk.

Smoking- Smoking doubles the risk of stroke when compared to a nonsmoker. Smoking increases clot formation, thickens blood, and increases the amount of plaque buildup in the arteries. If you smoke, try as hard as possible to stop.

Alcohol- Drinking too much alcohol can increase blood pressure and the risk of stroke. Aim to drink in moderation – no more than two drinks a day for men and one drink a day for women.

High blood pressure is the most common controllable cause of stroke. Recent, American Stroke Association guidelines redefined high blood pressure as a reading of 130/80. Lowering high blood pressure by losing weight, decrease salt intake, stop smoking, drinking alcoholic drinks in moderation, and treating high blood sugars is GREAT start to reduce the risk of stroke.  YOU CAN DO IT!

Please join Metropolitan Methodist Hospital in raising awareness this month by sharing this article with one person.  Help us spread the word!

Resources:

National Stroke Association – http://www.stroke.org/

American Stroke Association – http://www.strokeassociation.org/